Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji
After the Sacrifice of the 9th Guru of the Sikhs, the 10th Guru, Guru Gobind Singh took charge of the Sikh masses in 1675 AD and like his grand father the 6 th Guru, Guru Har Gobind, he took to arms. Thus Guru Gobind Singh was a challenge to the Great King Aurangzeb, who ruled from Kanyakumari in the South to Kabul in the North of India.
Guru Gobind Singh became 10th Guru of the Sikhs at the age of 9 years. He was already being taught different languages like Punjabi, Hindi, Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic etc. Along with this he was also being perfected in martial art to become a strong soldier. Thus in the next 5/6 years, he was most exalted, perfect in all aspects of life, compassionate, kind, loveable, courageous, fearless, saint, soldier, farsighted administrator. He was a Guru and had no ego, lust, greed, anger, attachment or any vices as such. He was a personality who uprooted the Mugal Dynasty from India forever.
He was the:
Great-grand-son of 5th Guru, Guru Arjan Dev - a martyr.
Grand-son of 6th Guru, Guru Har Gobind Sahib - The saint-soldier.
Son of 9th Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur - a martyr.
His determination was as strong as that of a mountain, irrespective of the sufferings and personal losses. While accomplishing his mission, he sacrificed his four young sons, five beloved followers, unlimited Sikhs and many devoted Muslims. His mission was not at all different from the predecessors and was same but it was very strong, systematic and final.
He explained his mission in his own words:
I have come in this world :
1. To say and act what is right without fear of anybody.
2. To worship only the One Supreme God.
3. To do what is ordained by God.
4. To spread Truth, rightesnous.
5. To save saints.
6. To uproot the cruel.
He preached for:
1. Believe in Creator-The One God.
2. Believe in One True Guru, Shabad Guru, Guru Granth Sahib.
3. Always remember God.
4. Live a truthful married life and in high spirits.
5. All happenings are according to the Will of God and accept it happily.
6. Love all.
7. Be kind to all.
8. Serve all especially the poor.
9. Do not fear.
10. Do not threaten.
11. Let not cruelty and injustice happen to anybody.
12. Control your desires, your mind, and have patience.
13. Treat ladies, young or old, with love, respect and dignity.
And so many other such virtues.
He did not believe in:
1. Idol worship such as Stones, Statues, Images, Figures, Photos etc.
2. Burning of candles, lamps at holy places, cemeteries etc.
3. Growing matted hairs like yogis.
4. Renouncing world and family life and putting ear rings like yogis.
5. Renouncing world and family life and pulling hair roots like Jainies.
6. Changing appearances and languages to please others and loosing own respect.( As Hindus used to do to please Muslim rulers)
7. Praying only in a particular direction i.e. Muslims pray facing towards West (Kaaba). Hindus pray facing towards East (Sun rise). God is everywhere and one can pray in any direction.
His accomplishments a human can write:
It was not an easy task to achieve all this. It is said that the basic causes of wars in this world are: Wealth, Land and Women. But in the case of Guru Gobind Singh it was none of them. It was all for self respect, dignity and freedom. Anandpur Sahib, a place at the base of hills, purchased and populated by his father, Guru Teg Bahadur, was the center of activities of the Guru and the Sikhs since 1671 AD to 1704 AD.
SIKHISM - A UNIVERSAL RELIGION, A RELIGION FOR WHOLE MANKIND | PERCEPTION OF GOD | WHY A TRUE GURU IS REQUIRED ? | WHO CAN BE A TRUE GURU? | STATUS OF A TRUE SIKH | GURU GRANTH SAHIB JI | SHORT HISTORICAL ASPECTS AND THE SIKH RELIGION - GURU NANAK DEV JI, GURU ANGAD DEV JI, GURU AMARDAS SAHIB JI, GURU RAMDAS SAHIB JI | GURU ARJAN DEV SAHIB JI | GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI, GURU HAR RAI SAHIB JI, GURU HARKRISHAN SAHIB JI | GURU TEG BAHADUR SAHIB JI | GURU GOBIND SINGH SAHIB JI | BIRTH OF KHALSA - PUREST FORM OF A HUMAN BEING | TIME PERIOD AT ANANDPUR SAHIB AND CHAMKAUR SAHIB | GURU GOBIND SINGH SAHIB JI IN 1708 | BABA BANDA SINGH BAHADUR JI | 1738 - 1760 AD | 1760 - 1849 AD | SINGH SABHA MOVEMENT IN 1873 | 1947 and thereafter