Sri Guru Teg Bahadur ji
Literally 'Baba' means grand father. In relation Teg Bahadur was the younger brother of his grand father. Thus he was, in fact, grand father and was at Bakaale. 'Bakala' is a village in the district Amritsar. So Guru Teg Bahadur was declared the 9 th Guru of the Sikhs by the eminent Sikhs in the year 1665 AD.
Guru Teg Bahadur was son of the 6 th Guru, Guru Hari Gobind. His earlier name was Tiyag Mal. He took very active part in the fights against rulers along with his father Guru. Seeing his bravery, his father Guru named him 'the Brave of the Sword' - Teg Bahadur. On the advice of his Guru father, he went in seclude in Prayers to God for about 25 years in village Bakaala till the year 1665AD, when offered Guruship.
After taking responsibility of the Guruship, Guru Teg Bahadur preached the gospels of Sikhism. He traveled up to Bengal and Assam. On the way he stayed at Patna. It was at Patna where his son 'Gobind Rai' was born. In Assam he negotiated in between two rival kings and avoided bloodshed. After about 5 years, he came back to Punjab and founded the city of Anandpur Sahib. Founding of Anandpur Sahib was an example of his future vision of the time to come.
Out of all the Mugal rulers, Aurangzeb was the most cruel, dreaded and powerful king. He ruled India for over 50 years. He was a terror even among his family. He imprisoned his sister, his father (the old King Shah Jahan), murdered all his brothers to become an unquestionable king. Because of his these heinous crimes, he was disliked even by Muslims. To wash out his sins in the eyes of the people, he posed to be a good Muslim by becoming a 5 time Nimazi, ritualistic and simple. To please the fanatic Muslims he started converting Hindus to Muslims even by force. His system of counting conversion was by weighing maunds and maunds (a measure equivalent to about 37 kgs.) of sacred threads of the Hindus and started even beheading those who refused.
Whole country was living under the clouds of fear and terror. Even the descendants of Brave Shiva ji had lost courage to face him. The great Rajputs, a few of whom had fought and sacrificed themselves, but because of the non-co-operation and inter-rivalry among each other, they not only lost the strength to face the Mugals, but started marrying their daughters to the Mugals.
Aurangzeb even started destroying/converting Hindu temples to Masjids. Though he started forced conversions in the whole country i.e. all the Southern states, Bengal, Bihar, Rajasthan, Gujarat etc., to achieve this, he started systematic and vigorous conversion of the high caste Brahmins of Kashmir, from Northern most side of the country. In about 1674 AD the Kashmiri Brahmins requested Guru Teg Bahadur, the 9th guru of the Sikhs to save them. To put an end to this cruel conversion, Guru Teg Bahadur after choosing his son the next successive Guru of the Sikhs, offered himself for the supreme sacrifice .
In 1675 AD Guru Teg Bagadur was arrested in Agra with few of his followers and brought back to Delhi. He was asked to: 1. Convert to Muslim Religion. 2. To prove to be a godly person, show some miracles. 3. Accept death.
His reply was:
1. It is an individual's right to choose religion of his own free will. 2. Showing miracles is going against the Will of God and against the laws of Nature. 3. There is no fear of death and he is prepared to die.
The Guru was imprisoned in an iron cage. To give fear of death, three of his followers were killed in his presence. One Sikh was cut longitudinally in two peaces with a saw by fixing him in wooden planks, another was boiled in water and the third was burnt in cotton. With their face towards the Guru, the three Sikhs sacrificed themselves without a pinch of remorse or sorrow. Name of God was residing in the heart of Guru and he remained untouched. After this he was beheaded. This occurred in the year 1675 AD. The place of this occurrence is called Gurudwara Sis Ganj at Delhi, very near to the historic Red Fort.
Previous || Next
SIKHISM - A UNIVERSAL RELIGION, A RELIGION FOR WHOLE MANKIND | PERCEPTION OF GOD | WHY A TRUE GURU IS REQUIRED ? | WHO CAN BE A TRUE GURU? | STATUS OF A TRUE SIKH | GURU GRANTH SAHIB JI | SHORT HISTORICAL ASPECTS AND THE SIKH RELIGION - GURU NANAK DEV JI, GURU ANGAD DEV JI, GURU AMARDAS SAHIB JI, GURU RAMDAS SAHIB JI | GURU ARJAN DEV SAHIB JI | GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI, GURU HAR RAI SAHIB JI, GURU HARKRISHAN SAHIB JI | GURU TEG BAHADUR SAHIB JI | GURU GOBIND SINGH SAHIB JI | BIRTH OF KHALSA - PUREST FORM OF A HUMAN BEING | TIME PERIOD AT ANANDPUR SAHIB AND CHAMKAUR SAHIB | GURU GOBIND SINGH SAHIB JI IN 1708 | BABA BANDA SINGH BAHADUR JI | 1738 - 1760 AD | 1760 - 1849 AD | SINGH SABHA MOVEMENT IN 1873 | 1947 and thereafter